Tengger Mount Bromo
Mount Bromo, the name comes from Sanskrit, Brahma, one of the Main Gods in Hindu belief. In Tengger, spelled Brama, is an active volcano in East Java, Indonesia. The mountain is at an altitude of 2,329 meters above sea level and is in four districts, namely Probolinggo, Pasuruan, Lumajang, and Malang.
Mount Bromo as the main tourist attraction in East Java, is in the area of Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. The shape of Mount Bromo is linked between valleys and canyons with caldera, or sea of sand covering about 10 square kilometers on its feet.
As an active volcano, Bromo is dangerous and beautiful with a diameter of about 800 meters stretching from north to south, and about 600 meters from east to west. The main danger area is a circle with a diameter of 4 km from the center of the Bromo crater.
Holy Mountain In Bromo Tengger
For residents around Mount Bromo, the Tengger Tribe, Bromo is believed to be a sacred mountain. Once a year the Tengger people hold a Yadnya Kasada ceremony. The ceremony is held at midnight to early morning when the full moon, or around the 14th or 15th of the month of Kasodo (tenth) according to the Javanese calendar.
The Tengger community’s sacred ritual activities also become an attractive tourist destination. Tengger people bring various offerings to the top of the mountain, to be offered to Sang Hyang Widhi through the crater of Mount Bromo.
Visit Tengger Mount Bromo Tourism
Visiting Bromo, the main menu is sure to enjoy its natural beauty with its beautiful sea of sand. Or head to the top of Bromo via a ladder that has been provided to see the Bromo crater. No less beautiful, welcoming the sunrise on the side of Mount Bromo. This is a favorite view of Bromo visitors, including foreign tourists.
At sunrise, the natural beauty of Bromo was fully reflected in the seconds the sun began to show its tinge. The air will be cool enough, but times like this should not be missed if you are in Bromo.
Culture on Tengger Mount Bromo
On the fourteenth day of the Hindu festival of YadnyaKasada, the Tenggerese people of Probolinggo,East Java, travel up the mountain in order to make offerings of fruit, rice, vegetables, flowers and sacrifices of livestock to the mountain gods by throwing them into the caldera of the volcano.
The origin of the ritual lies in the 15th century legend where a princess named RoroAnteng started the principality of Tengger with her husband, Joko Seger. The couple were childless and therefore beseeched the assistance of the mountain gods. The gods’ request was implemented.
The tradition of throwing sacrifices into the volcano to appease these ancient deities continues today and is called the YadnyaKasada ceremony.
Though fraught with danger, some locals risk climbing down into the crater in an attempt to recollect the sacrificed goods that they believe could bring them good luck. On the sand plain, locally called Segara Wedi, sits a Hindu temple called Pura Luhur Poten.
The temple holds a significant importance to the Tenggerese scattered across the mountain villages, such as Ngadisari, Wonokitri, Ngadas, Argosari, Ranu Prani, Ledok Ombo and Wonokerso.
The temple organises the annual YadnyaKasada ceremony which lasts for about one month. On the 14th day, the Tenggerese congregate at Pura Luhur Poten to ask for blessings from Ida Sang HyangWidiWasa and the God of Mahameru (Mount Semeru).
Tenggere (s) on Mount Bromo
Then the crowd proceeds along the crater edges of Mount Bromo where offerings are thrown into the crater. The major difference between this temple and Balinese ones are the type of stones and building materials.
Pura Luhur Poten uses natural black stones from volcanoes nearby, while Balinese temples are mostly made from red bricks.